CAUTION: Installation of Backflow Preventers must be performed by qualified, licensed personnel. The installer should be sure the proper device has been selected for the particular installation. Faulty installation could result in an improperly functioning device.
- ZURN WILKINS Model 375 Series Reduced Pressure Principle assemblies are for use on potable water lines where a health hazard exists in the event of a backflow situation
- Damage to the device could result wherever water hammer and/or water thermal expansion could create excessive line pressure. Where this could occur, shock arrestors, check valves and/or pressure relief valves should be installed downstream of the device.
- If installation is in a pit or vault, the Backflow Preventer must never be submerged in water because this could cause across-connection. Make sure that the pit or vault always remains dry by providing ample drainage.
1. Before installing a Model 375 Backflow Preventer, flush the line thoroughly to remove all debris, chips and other foreign matter. If required, a strainer should be placed upstream of the Backflow Preventer.
CAUTION: Do not use a strainer in seldom
2. Provide adequate space around the installed unit so that the test cocks will be accessible for testing and servicing.
3. Install valve at least 300mm above surrounding flood level.
4. Always consult local codes for installation methods, approvals and guidance.
5. Resilient seated shutoff valves are required to be installed on both the inlet and outlet of the device to make field testing possible.
PLACING THE DEVICE IN SERVICE
1. Start with both shut-off valves closed. Slowly open the inlet shut-off valve until the backflow preventer is completely pressurized. A brief discharge from the relief valve may occur while the device is pressurizing. The discharge should cease by the time the shut-off valve is fully open. If the discharge does not stop, refer to "MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS" for repair procedures.
2. When the unit has been pressurized, vent any trapped air by slightly opening each of the four test cocks
3. Slowly open the downstream shut-off valve. The M Model 375Series Reduced Pressure Principle device is now in service.
4. If spitting or intermittent discharges from the relief valve are noted, it could be a result of pressure fluctuation and/or a water hammer condition in the system. If such conditions exist, install water pressure reducing valves or water hammer shock arrestors in compliance with industry standards as needed.
5. After the Model 375 has been properly installed, test the device(see "TEST PROCEDURES"). If the device fails the test, remove the first and second check valves and thoroughly flush the device. If the relief valve fails to operate properly, inspect the sensing passage for clogging (see "MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS"). Clean rubber seals of all debris and place unit back in service.
- Australian Watermark (AS/NZS 2845.1) Approved Lic. 1379
- Type Tested AS/NZS 4020 Lic. 20111
OUTDOOR INSTALLATION: The Model 375Backflow Preventer may be installed outdoors only if the device is protected against freezing conditions. Exposure to freezing conditions will result in improper function or damage to the device. The installation location must be kept above 0°C. All the basic installation instructions apply
WARRANTY: ZURN WILKINS Valves are guaranteed against defects of material or workmanship when used for the services recommended. Please refer to the LWG Zurn/ Zurn Wilkins Product Warranty Statement for details.
TEST NO. 1 - RELIEF VALVE OPENING POINT
REQUIREMENT: The differential pressure relief valve must operate to maintain the zone between the two check valves at least 14kPa less than the supply pressure.
1. Flush water through test cocks #1, #2 (open #2 slowly), #3 and#4 by opening and closing each test cock one at a time, to eliminate foreign material.
2. Install appropriate fittings to test cocks. Attach hose from the high side of the differential pressure gauge to the #2 test cock then attach hose from the low side of the gauge to the #3 test cock. Open test cock #3 slowly and then bleed all air from the hose and gauge by opening the low side bleed needle valve.
3. Maintain the low side bleed needle valve in the open position while test cock #2 is opened slowly. Open the high side bleed needle valve to bleed all air from the hose and gauge. Close the high side bleed needle valve, then close the low side bleed needle valve after the gauge reading has reached the upper end of the scale.
4. Close the #2 shut-off valve. If the gauge reading drops to the low end of the gauge scale and the differential pressure relief valve discharges continuously, then the #1 check valve is leaking. If this occurs, Tests #1, #2 and #3 cannot be com- pleted (See USC Maintenance Guide). However, should the gauge reading remain above the differential pressure relief valve opening point, the nob serve the gauge reading. This is the apparent pressure drop across the #1 check valve.
5. Open the high side control needle valve approximately one turn, and then open the low side control needle valve no more than1/4 turn to by-pass water from the #2 test cock to the #3 test cock. Observe the differential pressure reading as it slowly drops to the relief valve opening point. Record this opening point value when the first discharge of water is detected. Close the low side needle valve.
TEST NO. 2 - TIGHTNESS OF #2 CHECK VALVE
REQUIREMENT: The #2 check valve shall be tight against backpressure
1. Maintain the #2 shut-off valve in the closed position (from Test#1). Vent all air through the vent hose by opening the vent needle valve. Close the vent needle valve only (The high side control needle valve is to remain open.).
2. Attach the vent hose from the gauge to the #4 test cock, then open the #4 test cock. Bleed water from the zone by opening the low side bleed needle valve on the gauge order to re-establish the normal reduced pressure within the zone. Once the gauge reading reaches a value above the #1 check valve pressure drop, close the low side bleed needle valve.
3. Open the vent needle valve. If the indicated differential pressure reading remains steady then the #2 check valve is reported as "closed tight." Go to Test #3. If the differential pressure reading falls to the relief valve opening point, bleed water through the low side bleed needle valve until the gauge reading reaches a value above the #1 check valve pressure drop. If the gauge reading settles above the relief valve opening point, record the #2 check valve as "closed tight," and proceed to Test #3. If the differential pressure reading falls to the relief valve opening point again, then the #2 check valve is noted as "leaking," and Test #3 cannot be completed. If the differential pressure reading drops, but stabilizes above the relief valve opening point, the #2check valve can still be reported as "closed tight."
NOTE: Due to disc compression, you may need to bleed off water through low side bleed needle valve several times before the gauge reading will settle above relief valve opening point.
TEST NO. 3 - TIGHTNESS OF #1 CHECK VALVE
REQUIREMENT: The static pressure drop across #1 check valve shall be greater than the relief valve opening point (test #1), and at least 35kPa
1. With the vent hose connected to test cock #4 as in step 3 of Test #2, bleed water from the zone through the low side bleed needle valve on the gauge until the reading exceeds the #1check valve pressure drop. Close the low side bleed needle valve. After the gauge reading settles, the steady state differential pressure reading indicated (reading is not falling on the gauge) is the actual static (i.e., no flow) pressure drop across check valve #1 and is to be recorded as such.
2.Close all test cocks, slowly open shutoff valve #2 and remove equipment.
SERVICING CHECK VALVES
A ratchet wrench, 17mm deep socket, and a 100mm long extension are recommended for removing check assemblies.
1. Close inlet and outlet shut-off valves.
2. Open No. 2, No. 3 and No. 4 test cocks to release pressure from valve.
3. Loosen & remove the grooved coupling around the access cover. Remove cover. Place towel or cardboard over relief valve port in body to prevent parts from falling into relief valve.
4. To service only the #1 check assembly, remove the 6 bolts, washers and o-rings from the back of the #1 check assembly. Separate the retainer and the seal ring from the check assembly and proceed to step #8.
5. To service both checks or the #2 check, the #1 check assembly must first be removed. Remove the 4 nuts and washers retaining the #1 check assembly. Remove the #1 check assembly from the body.
6. To remove the #2 check assembly, remove the 7 nuts, washers and the #2 check retaining ring. Grasp the check assembly by the stem and remove from valve.
7. Remove all 6 bolts, washers and o-rings from the check assembly (See “Check Assembly” illustration). Separate retainer from check assembly to expose seal ring for inspection.
8. Inspect the rubber seal ring for cuts or embedded debris. If the reverse side of the seal ring is unused, it is possible to invert the seal ring. This would be considered a temporary solution to fixing a fouled check and should be replaced with a new seal ring as soon as possible.
9. Inspect valve cavity and seating areas. Remove any debris.
10. Reverse the above procedures to reinstall check assemblies. Lubricate seat o-rings to hold them in place while reinstalling seat. Place washers on studs and tighten retaining nuts evenly.
11. Remove towel or cardboard covering from relief valve port. Reinstall access cover and grooved coupling.
NOTE: If any portion of the seat assembly is damaged or missing or if the seat sealing rib is damaged in any way, do not attempt to field repair it. Contact Us for assistance.
1. Clean all parts thoroughly with water after disassembly.2. Carefully inspect rubber seal rings and o-rings for damage.3. Test unit after reassembly for proper operation (refer to “TESTING PROCEDURES”).
RELIEF VALVE ASSEMBLY
SERVICING CHECK VALVES cont’d
(" Why is my backflow preventer leaking: ")
SUDDEN OR RAPID SPITTING
1. Drop in inlet pressure
2. Sudden increase in downstream pressure due to water hammer from quick closing shut-off valve.
1. Install an in-line spring loaded check valve or pressure reducing valve upstream of Backflow Preventer.
2. Install an in-line spring loaded check valve or pressure reducing valve downstream of Backflow Preventer.
LIGHT OR INTERMITTENT DRIP
1. Slightly fouled #1 check.
2. Slightly fouled relief valve seat.
1. Clean #1 check and/or turn check valve seal ring over or replace.
2. Clean relief valve seat and/or turn relief valve seal ring over or replace.
1. Fouled #1 check and/or #2 check.
2. Fouled relief valve seat.
1. Clean check valves and/or turn check valve seal ring over or replace.
2. Clean relief valve seat and/or turn relief valve seal ring over or replace.
For more information or additional support please contact us.